The Divine as Being, and Union

In chapter 5 of St. Bonaventura’s “The Soul’s Journey into God”, the author presents the idea of Pure Being as the Absolute First, and as a necessity from the following reasoning:

“5. Behold, then, if you can, purest being itself and you will realize that it cannot be thought of as received from another. From this, it must necessarily be thought of as absolutely first since it cannot come from nothing or from something.”

This also makes the Divine as Pure Being into “the First and the Last”, the Alpha & Omega, and the Eternal, which is the nature of Dante’s Empyrean in the Highest Sphere of Paradiso. It also connects to Exodus and the story of Moses receiving the Tetragrammaton as the Name of the Divine in 3:14, in one aspect meaning Existence or Being in the fullest sense.
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St. Bonaventura – The Seraphic Doctor

In the second circle of the Sun in Dante’s Paradiso, the main voice is the Light of St. Bonaventure (c.1217-1274) – a professor at the University of Paris, and a leader of the Franciscan Order.

In Bonaventure’s main work “The Soul’s Journey into God” we can see several aspects which Dante is using in the Paradiso, f.ex. a description of the final moments of the ascent:

“For no one is in any way disposed for divine contemplation that leads to mystical ecstasy, [..] such desires are enkindled in us in two ways: by an outcry of prayer [..] and by the flash of insight by which the mind turns most directly and intently towards the rays of Light.”
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