The first book in Dante’s Divine Comedy is called the “Inferno” and is showing us the “wrong argument” of moral structures and guiding principles for life. Using the technique of Greek Rhetoric, Dante is giving us a fleshy and vivid display of the increasingly horrifying consequences of “Missing the Mark” (Sins) with regards to the choices of higher values for conducting your Life.
The Pilgrim goes on a long Journey through the Underworld and nine circles of Inferno to fully understand the different aspects of human nature, and both the consequences and deepest roots of the damaging behaviors. The foundation for this learning is his own Reason – symbolized with the Great Roman poet Virgil. Gradually they move closer to the root causes of misguided and damaged practical behavior – while Dante is showing us countless examples of this wisdom as expressed in the great Greek and Hebrew Traditions.